Dental implants are replacement tooth roots. Dental Implants provide a strong foundation for crowns, bridges or overdentures (replacement teeth) that are made to match your natural teeth. Dental implant posts are manufactured from biologically neutral titanium that is accepted by the human body and these implants fuse with the jawbone to form a secure foundation for tooth replacement.
Types of Dental Implants
Conventional implangs and immediate implants are the two basic types of implants available. In certain cases, conventional or immediate implants may be followed by immediate loading of crowns and bridges known as immediate loaded implants.
Conventional implants are applicable to almost anyone who is looking to replace one, multiple, all missing teeth with a permanent restoration solution. Conventional implants are done in two phases. Firstly, the titanium dental implant posts are surgically placed. The dental implant post is left to heal for a certain period of time. Thereafter, is the second phase done, whereby the crown, bridge or overdenture is made and fitting on the dental implant posts.
Immediate implants เป็นการฝังรากฟันเทียมในวันเดียวทันทีหลังจากถอนฟัน ซึ่งจะไม่สามารถทำได้ทุกกรณี ทันตแพทย์จะเป็นผู้พิจารณาวางแผนการรักษาร่วมกับคนไข้แต่ละรายก่อน ส่วนขั้นตอนการรักษาจะเหมือนกับการฝังรากเทียมแบบ Conventional Implants
Immediate implants are also known as one day or same day implants. This is the case the dental implants can be placed at the same time after teeth are extracted
Immediate loaded implants
Immediate loaded implants are whereby permanent or temporary crowns or bridges are installed on the dental implants after its surgical implantation. Immediate loaded implants may follow after conventional implants or immediate implants.
The type of dental implants selected will be dependent on the patients’ specific needs and general dental condition. A panoramic x-ray and/or CT scan is usually required to evaluate the amount of bone, determine the space available and for a thorough examination to diagnosing the options best suited for each case.
There are a variety of dental implant systems available on the market. The two most popular systems are the ITI Straumann and Nobel Biocare implant systems. Both companies have had long-standing histories in the field of producing dental implants and have their own ranges of lines.
Benefits of Dental Implants
Improved selt-esteem and increased quality of life
- Reduce size and construct a more natural functional bridge or denture
- No need to trim the adjacent teeth to form the conventional bridge
- The solid anchorage of the dental implant will allow you to increase your chewing pressure, so eat anything you want
- Improves speech as compared to having dentures
- Improved comfort relative to removable dentures
- Prevent further loss of teeth and bone support
- Improved and younger, natural appearance
- Improved oral health
- Durability. Implants are very durable and have expected lifelong replacement for lost tooth
- No slipping, sliding clicking dentures or worrying about your dentures popping out in embarrassing situations
Dental Implant Restoration Types
Single Tooth Missing
The single tooth implant restoration consists of three parts. Namely, the implant post which replaces the tooth root, the abutment which will support the crown and the prosthetic crown itself. The crown is either cemented onto the abutment or held in place with a screw.
With today’s developments, there are a variety of implant systems, models and ranges available. Each line catering to the individualized needs of patients.
A single tooth implant with crown is one of the best permanent restorations. This solution both looks and functions just like a natural tooth.
Multiple Tooth Missing
If multiple teeth are missing in different parts of the mouth, several single tooth implants are good replacement restorations.
If multiple teeth are missing within the same region, several missing teeth can sometimes be replaced with fewer implants because dental implants are stronger than the natural tooth roots. This solution includes having implant fixed bridges done.
An implant fixed bridge is very much like a conventional bridge except the support is actually over implants rather than natural teeth. The implants themselves act as man-made roots. A great advantage is that this is that it is self-supporting unlike conventional tooth-supported bridges that puts a heavier load on the remaining teeth.
All Teeth Missing
When all teeth are missing or in a condition that all teeth need to be replaced, there are two basically types of full arch implant reconstructions options:
- Fixed bridges anchored to dental implants
- Implant Supported Dentures
Fixed Bridges anchored to dental implants. With today’s technologies, it is possible to replace a full jaw with dental implants and a fixed bridge that results in a permanent, stable and high esthetic solution similiar to having a new set of teeth again.
Implant Supported Dentures. Implants allow you to wear full dentures (overdentures) and partial dentures without worrying that they will slip or fall out. Having implants to support these dentures also means that the base of the denture can be made much smaller and more comfortable. For overdentures, implants with screws placed in the jaw will serve as attachments for a metal bar, which will help support a removable denture.